The State of India's Livelihoods (SOIL) Report is an annual publication that aims to document recent trends and issues in the sphere of livelihoods promotion of the poor. A one-of-its-kind report, it is the only document that aggregates the experiences and challenges of the livelihoods sector, analyzes case studies and reports the progress of both government and privately run programmes with respect to the 4Ps-People, Policy, Promoters and Potential. This volume of the SOIL Report presents the status of livelihoods during 2010-11. It analyzes different trends and various challenges affecting livelihood opportunities. It zooms in on some key debates and conflicts in the sphere of livelihoods arising from the global economic slowdown, the Indian agricultural crisis, food inflation and hunger, the status of health and education, drastic climatic changes, and so on. The report also looks at some of the major livelihood initiatives-such as skilling and employment; market inclusion; decentralization and revival of agri-rural economy-and discusses their implications for the poor as well as for livelihood professionals.