Since 1947 (OIP)Since 1947 is the history of forced migration and resettlement of Hindu and Sikh refugees from the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and West Punjab in the aftermath of Partition. Through extensive archival and ethnographic work in the refugee resettlement colonies, it lays out the making of refugees into ‘locals’, and eventually the modern citizens of the postcolonial nation. This transformative moment is mapped through an exploration of individual and collective coping strategies as well as the state resettlement policies. The book challenges narratives that represent migration essentially as chaotic, disorderly, and hurried. Instead it shows how caste, class and gender shaped vastly divergent experiences of the Partition movement.The new introduction to this paperback edition looks at the politics of memorialization of Partition: how the popular culture of memory preserves and exhibits upper- and middle-class narratives of displacement and remains oblivious to complex terrains of caste distinctions.